schrodinger.application.desmond.rl_helper module


insert page break

schrodinger.application.desmond.rl_helper.add_vtable(Elements, table, style, width_list)

add table, where header is in the first column

schrodinger.application.desmond.rl_helper.add_table(Elements, table, style, col_width)

horizontal table, where the header is on the first row


parse SMILES string such that it fits on the page

schrodinger.application.desmond.rl_helper.get_image(fn, height, width)
schrodinger.application.desmond.rl_helper.header(Elements, txt, style=<ParagraphStyle 'Heading1'>, klass=<class 'reportlab.platypus.paragraph.Paragraph'>, sep=0.3)
schrodinger.application.desmond.rl_helper.get_pargph(txt, fixed=False, fontsize=11, color='black', hAlign='left')
schrodinger.application.desmond.rl_helper.pargph(Elements, txt, fixed=False, fontsize=11, color='black', leading=None)

Add a paragraph to the report

  • Elements (list) – Report elements to add the paragraph to

  • txt (str) – The paragraph text

  • fontsize (int) – The size of the paragraph font

  • color (str) – Font color

  • leading (int or None) – Spacing between paragraph lines, the default will be used if nothing is passed

schrodinger.application.desmond.rl_helper.aspectScale(ix, iy, bx, by)

Scale image to fit into box (bx,by) keeping aspect ratio

class schrodinger.application.desmond.rl_helper.NumberedCanvas(*args, **kwargs)

Bases: reportlab.pdfgen.canvas.Canvas

__init__(*args, **kwargs)

Create a canvas of a given size. etc.

You may pass a file-like object to filename as an alternative to a string. For more information about the encrypt parameter refer to the setEncrypt method.

Most of the attributes are private - we will use set/get methods as the preferred interface. Default page size is A4. cropMarks may be True/False or an object with parameters borderWidth, markColor, markWidth and markLength

if enforceColorSpace is in (‘cmyk’, ‘rgb’, ‘sep’,’sep_black’,’sep_cmyk’) then one of the standard _PDFColorSetter callables will be used to enforce appropriate color settings. If it is a callable then that will be used.


Close the current page and possibly start on a new page.


add page info to each page (page x of y)


Draw nonflowables such as footers, headers and fixed graphics


page_count (int) – Total number of pages

STATE_ATTRIBUTES = ['_x', '_y', '_fontname', '_fontsize', '_textMode', '_leading', '_currentMatrix', '_fillMode', '_charSpace', '_wordSpace', '_horizScale', '_textRenderMode', '_rise', '_textLineMatrix', '_textMatrix', '_lineCap', '_lineJoin', '_lineDash', '_lineWidth', '_mitreLimit', '_fillColorObj', '_strokeColorObj', '_extgstate']
STATE_RANGE = [0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22]
absolutePosition(x, y)

return the absolute position of x,y in user space w.r.t. default user space

property acroForm

get form from canvas, create the form if needed

addLiteral(s, escaped=1)

introduce the literal text of PDF operations s into the current stream. Only use this if you are an expert in the PDF file format.

addOutlineEntry(title, key, level=0, closed=None)

Adds a new entry to the outline at given level. If LEVEL not specified, entry goes at the top level. If level specified, it must be no more than 1 greater than the outline level in the last call.

The key must be the (unique) name of a bookmark. the title is the (non-unique) name to be displayed for the entry.

If closed is set then the entry should show no subsections by default when displayed.


c.addOutlineEntry("first section", "section1")
c.addOutlineEntry("introduction", "s1s1", 1, closed=1)
c.addOutlineEntry("body", "s1s2", 1)
c.addOutlineEntry("detail1", "s1s2s1", 2)
c.addOutlineEntry("detail2", "s1s2s2", 2)
c.addOutlineEntry("conclusion", "s1s3", 1)
c.addOutlineEntry("further reading", "s1s3s1", 2)
c.addOutlineEntry("second section", "section1")
c.addOutlineEntry("introduction", "s2s1", 1)
c.addOutlineEntry("body", "s2s2", 1, closed=1)
c.addOutlineEntry("detail1", "s2s2s1", 2)
c.addOutlineEntry("detail2", "s2s2s2", 2)
c.addOutlineEntry("conclusion", "s2s3", 1)
c.addOutlineEntry("further reading", "s2s3s1", 2)

generated outline looks like:

- first section
|- introduction
|- body
|  |- detail1
|  |- detail2
|- conclusion
|  |- further reading
- second section
|- introduction
|+ body
|- conclusion
|  |- further reading

Note that the second “body” is closed.

Note that you can jump from level 5 to level 3 but not from 3 to 5: instead you need to provide all intervening levels going down (4 in this case). Note that titles can collide but keys cannot.

addPageLabel(pageNum, style=None, start=None, prefix=None)

add a PDFPageLabel for pageNum

addPostScriptCommand(command, position=1)

Embed literal Postscript in the document.

With position=0, it goes at very beginning of page stream; with position=1, at current point; and with position=2, at very end of page stream. What that does to the resulting Postscript depends on Adobe’s header :-)

Use with extreme caution, but sometimes needed for printer tray commands. Acrobat 4.0 will export Postscript to a printer or file containing the given commands. Adobe Reader 6.0 no longer does as this feature is deprecated. 5.0, I don’t know about (please let us know!). This was funded by Bob Marshall of and tested on a Lexmark 750. See for 2 test cases - one will work on any Postscript device, the other uses a ‘setpapertray’ command which will error in Distiller but work on printers supporting it.

arc(x1, y1, x2, y2, startAng=0, extent=90)

Draw a partial ellipse inscribed within the rectangle x1,y1,x2,y2, starting at startAng degrees and covering extent degrees. Angles start with 0 to the right (+x) and increase counter-clockwise. These should have x1<x2 and y1<y2.

beginForm(name, lowerx=0, lowery=0, upperx=None, uppery=None)

declare the current graphics stream to be a named form. A graphics stream can either be a page or a form, not both. Some operations (like bookmarking) are permitted for pages but not forms. The form will not automatically be shown in the document but must be explicitly referenced using doForm in pages that require the form.


Returns a fresh path object. Paths are used to draw complex figures. The object returned follows the protocol for a pathobject.PDFPathObject instance

beginText(x=0, y=0, direction=None)

Returns a fresh text object. Text objects are used to add large amounts of text. See PDFTextObject

bezier(x1, y1, x2, y2, x3, y3, x4, y4)

Bezier curve with the four given control points

bookmarkHorizontal(key, relativeX, relativeY, **kw)

w.r.t. the current transformation, bookmark this horizontal.

bookmarkHorizontalAbsolute(key, top, left=0, fit='XYZ', **kw)

Bind a bookmark (destination) to the current page at a horizontal position. Note that the yhorizontal of the book mark is with respect to the default user space (where the origin is at the lower left corner of the page) and completely ignores any transform (translation, scale, skew, rotation, etcetera) in effect for the current graphics state. The programmer is responsible for making sure the bookmark matches an appropriate item on the page.

bookmarkPage(key, fit='Fit', left=None, top=None, bottom=None, right=None, zoom=None)

This creates a bookmark to the current page which can be referred to with the given key elsewhere.

PDF offers very fine grained control over how Acrobat reader is zoomed when people link to this. The default is to keep the user’s current zoom settings. the last arguments may or may not be needed depending on the choice of ‘fitType’.

Fit types and the other arguments they use are:

  • XYZ left top zoom - fine grained control. null or zero for any of the parameters means ‘leave as is’, so “0,0,0” will keep the reader’s settings. NB. Adobe Reader appears to prefer “null” to 0’s.

  • Fit - entire page fits in window

  • FitH top - top coord at top of window, width scaled to fit.

  • FitV left - left coord at left of window, height scaled to fit

  • FitR left bottom right top - scale window to fit the specified rectangle

(question: do we support /FitB, FitBH and /FitBV which are hangovers from version 1.1 / Acrobat 3.0?)

circle(x_cen, y_cen, r, stroke=1, fill=0)

draw a cirle centered at (x_cen,y_cen) with radius r (special case of ellipse)

clipPath(aPath, stroke=1, fill=0, fillMode=None)

clip as well as drawing

cross(x, y, size=5, gap=1, text=None, strokeColor=None, strokeWidth=None, fontSize=3)

you’ll get an error here if it’s not been set


you’ll get an error here if none have been set


use a form XObj in current operation stream.

The form should either have been defined previously using beginForm … endForm, or may be defined later. If it is not defined at save time, an exception will be raised. The form will be drawn within the context of the current graphics state.

drawAlignedString(x, y, text, pivotChar='.', mode=None, charSpace=0, direction=None, wordSpace=None)

Draws a string aligned on the first ‘.’ (or other pivot character).

The centre position of the pivot character will be used as x. So, you could draw a straight line down through all the decimals in a column of numbers, and anything without a decimal should be optically aligned with those that have.

There is one special rule to help with accounting formatting. Here’s how normal numbers should be aligned on the ‘dot’. Look at the LAST two:

    27 inches

Since the last three do not contain a dot, a crude dot-finding rule would place them wrong. So we test for the special case where no pivot is found, digits are present, but the last character is not a digit. We then work back from the end of the string This case is a tad slower but hopefully rare.

property drawBoundary
drawCentredString(x, y, text, mode=None, charSpace=0, direction=None, wordSpace=None)

Draws a string centred on the x coordinate.

We’re British, dammit, and proud of our spelling!

drawImage(image, x, y, width=None, height=None, mask=None, preserveAspectRatio=False, anchor='c', anchorAtXY=False, showBoundary=False)

Draws the image (ImageReader object or filename) as specified.

“image” may be an image filename or an ImageReader object.

x and y define the lower left corner of the image you wish to draw (or of its bounding box, if using preserveAspectRation below).

If width and height are not given, the width and height of the image in pixels is used at a scale of 1 point to 1 pixel.

If width and height are given, the image will be stretched to fill the given rectangle bounded by (x, y, x+width, y-height).

If you supply negative widths and/or heights, it inverts them and adjusts x and y accordingly.

The method returns the width and height of the underlying image, since this is often useful for layout algorithms and saves you work if you have not specified them yourself.

The mask parameter supports transparent backgrounds. It takes 6 numbers and defines the range of RGB values which will be masked out or treated as transparent. For example with [0,2,40,42,136,139], it will mask out any pixels with a Red value from 0-2, Green from 40-42 and Blue from 136-139 (on a scale of 0-255).

New post version 2.0: drawImage can center an image in a box you provide, while preserving its aspect ratio. For example, you might have a fixed square box in your design, and a collection of photos which might be landscape or portrait that you want to appear within the box. If preserveAspectRatio is true, your image will appear within the box specified.

If preserveAspectRatio is True, the anchor property can be used to specify how images should fit into the given box. It should be set to one of the following values, taken from the points of the compass (plus ‘c’ for ‘centre’):

nw n ne w c e sw s se

The default value is ‘c’ for ‘centre’. Thus, if you want your bitmaps to always be centred and appear at the top of the given box, set anchor=’n’. There are good examples of this in the output of

Unlike drawInlineImage, this creates ‘external images’ which are only stored once in the PDF file but can be drawn many times. If you give it the same filename twice, even at different locations and sizes, it will reuse the first occurrence, resulting in a saving in file size and generation time. If you use ImageReader objects, it tests whether the image content has changed before deciding whether to reuse it.

In general you should use drawImage in preference to drawInlineImage unless you have read the PDF Spec and understand the tradeoffs.

drawInlineImage(image, x, y, width=None, height=None, preserveAspectRatio=False, anchor='c', anchorAtXY=False, showBoundary=False)

See drawImage, which should normally be used instead…

drawInlineImage behaves like drawImage, but stores the image content within the graphics stream for the page. This means that the mask parameter for transparency is not available. It also means that there is no saving in file size or time if the same image is reused.

In theory it allows images to be displayed slightly faster; however, we doubt if the difference is noticeable to any human user these days. Only use this if you have studied the PDF specification and know the implications.

drawPath(aPath, stroke=1, fill=0, fillMode=None)

Draw the path object in the mode indicated

drawRightString(x, y, text, mode=None, charSpace=0, direction=None, wordSpace=None)

Draws a string right-aligned with the x coordinate

drawString(x, y, text, mode=None, charSpace=0, direction=None, wordSpace=None)

Draws a string in the current text styles.


Draws a text object

ellipse(x1, y1, x2, y2, stroke=1, fill=0)

Draw an ellipse defined by an enclosing rectangle.

Note that (x1,y1) and (x2,y2) are the corner points of the enclosing rectangle.


emit the current collection of graphics operations as a Form as declared previously in beginForm.

freeTextAnnotation(contents, DA, Rect=None, addtopage=1, name=None, relative=0, **kw)

DA is the default appearance string???


Returns the list of PostScript font names available.

Standard set now, but may grow in future with font embedding.


Return uncompressed contents of current page buffer.

This is useful in creating test cases and assertions of what got drawn, without necessarily saving pages to disk


get the page number for the current page being generated.


you’ll get an error here if none have been set


Returns the PDF data that would normally be written to a file. If there is current data a ShowPage is executed automatically. After this operation the canvas must not be used further.

grid(xlist, ylist)

Lays out a grid in current line style. Supply list of x an y positions.


Query whether form XObj really exists yet.

highlightAnnotation(contents, Rect, QuadPoints=None, Color=[0.83, 0.89, 0.95], addtopage=1, name=None, relative=0, **kw)

Allows adding of a highlighted annotation.

Rect: Mouseover area to show contents of annotation QuadPoints: List of four x/y points [TOP-LEFT, TOP-RIGHT, BOTTOM-LEFT, BOTTOM-RIGHT]

These points outline the areas to highlight. You can have multiple groups of four to allow multiple highlighted areas. Is in the format [x1, y1, x2, y2, x3, y3, x4, y4, x1, y1, x2, y2, x3, y3, x4, y4] etc QuadPoints defaults to be area inside of passed in Rect

Color: The color of the highlighting.

inkAnnotation(contents, InkList=None, Rect=None, addtopage=1, name=None, relative=0, **kw)
inkAnnotation0(contents, InkList=None, Rect=None, addtopage=1, name=None, relative=0, **kw)
line(x1, y1, x2, y2)

draw a line segment from (x1,y1) to (x2,y2) (with color, thickness and other attributes determined by the current graphics state).

linearGradient(x0, y0, x1, y1, colors, positions=None, extend=True)

Like line(), permits many lines to be drawn in one call. for example for the figure:

-- --

crosshairs = [(20,0,20,10), (20,30,20,40), (0,20,10,20), (30,20,40,20)]
linkAbsolute(contents, destinationname, Rect=None, addtopage=1, name=None, thickness=0, color=None, dashArray=None, **kw)

rectangular link annotation positioned wrt the default user space. The identified rectangle on the page becomes a “hot link” which when clicked will send the viewer to the page and position identified by the destination.

Rect identifies (lowerx, lowery, upperx, uppery) for lower left and upperright points of the rectangle. Translations and other transforms are IGNORED (the rectangular position is given with respect to the default user space. destinationname should be the name of a bookmark (which may be defined later but must be defined before the document is generated).

You may want to use the keyword argument Border=’[0 0 0]’ to suppress the visible rectangle around the during viewing link.

linkRect(contents, destinationname, Rect=None, addtopage=1, name=None, relative=1, thickness=0, color=None, dashArray=None, **kw)

rectangular link annotation w.r.t the current user transform. if the transform is skewed/rotated the absolute rectangle will use the max/min x/y

linkURL(url, rect, relative=0, thickness=0, color=None, dashArray=None, kind='URI', **kw)

Create a rectangular URL ‘hotspot’ in the given rectangle.

if relative=1, this is in the current coord system, otherwise in absolute page space. The remaining options affect the border appearance; the border is drawn by Acrobat, not us. Set thickness to zero to hide it. Any border drawn this way is NOT part of the page stream and will not show when printed to a Postscript printer or distilled; it is safest to draw your own.


Convenience function to list all loaded fonts


Info function - app can call it after showPage to see if it needs a save

radialGradient(x, y, radius, colors, positions=None, extend=True)
rect(x, y, width, height, stroke=1, fill=0)

draws a rectangle with lower left corner at (x,y) and width and height as given.


I want to draw something (eg, string underlines) w.r.t. the default user space. Reset the matrix! This should be used usually as follows:

#...draw some stuff in default space coords...
canv.restoreState() # go back!

restore the graphics state to the matching saved state (see saveState).


Rotate the canvas by the angle theta (in degrees).

roundRect(x, y, width, height, radius, stroke=1, fill=0)

Draws a rectangle with rounded corners. The corners are approximately quadrants of a circle, with the given radius.


Save the current graphics state to be restored later by restoreState.

For example:

canvas.setFont(“Helvetica”, 20) canvas.saveState() … canvas.setFont(“Courier”, 9) … canvas.restoreState() # if the save/restore pairs match then font is Helvetica 20 again.

scale(x, y)

Scale the horizontal dimension by x and the vertical by y (with respect to the current graphics state). For example canvas.scale(2.0, 0.5) will make everything short and fat.


identify the author for invisible embedding inside the PDF document. the author annotation will appear in the the text of the file but will not automatically be seen when the document is viewed, but is visible in document properties etc etc.

setCatalogEntry(key, value)

write a creator into the PDF file that won’t automatically display in the document itself. This should be used to name the original app which is passing data into ReportLab, if you wish to name it.

setCropBox(size, name='crop')

accepts a 2-tuple in points for name+’Box’ size for this and subsequent pages

setDash(array=[], phase=0)

Two notations. pass two numbers, or an array and phase


accepts a func(yyyy,mm,dd,hh,m,s) used to create embedded formatted date


Set the encryption used for the pdf generated by this canvas. If encrypt is a string object, it is used as the user password for the pdf. If encrypt is an instance of reportlab.lib.pdfencrypt.StandardEncryption, this object is used to encrypt the pdf. This allows more finegrained control over the encryption settings.

setFillColor(aColor, alpha=None)

Takes a color object, allowing colors to be referred to by name

setFillColorCMYK(c, m, y, k, alpha=None)

set the fill color useing negative color values (cyan, magenta, yellow and darkness value). Takes 4 arguments between 0.0 and 1.0

setFillColorRGB(r, g, b, alpha=None)

Set the fill color using positive color description (Red,Green,Blue). Takes 3 arguments between 0.0 and 1.0

setFillGray(gray, alpha=None)

Sets the gray level; 0.0=black, 1.0=white

setFont(psfontname, size, leading=None)

Sets the font. If leading not specified, defaults to 1.2 x font size. Raises a readable exception if an illegal font is supplied. Font names are case-sensitive! Keeps track of font name and size for metrics.

setFontSize(size=None, leading=None)

Sets font size or leading without knowing the font face


write a list of keywords into the PDF file which shows in document properties. Either submit a single string or a list/tuple




0=mitre, 1=round, 2=bevel


nametree should can be a recursive tree like so:

  ), # end of chapter2 description
  ("chapter4dest", ["c4s1", "c4s2"])

each of the string names inside must be bound to a bookmark before the document is generated.


func(pageNum) will be called on each page end.

This is mainly a hook for progress monitoring.

Call setPageCallback(None) to clear a callback.


Possible values None, 1 or 0 If None the value from rl_config will be used. If on, the page data will be compressed, leading to much smaller files, but takes a little longer to create the files. This applies to all subsequent pages, or until setPageCompression() is next called.


Allows hands-off animation of presentations :-)

If this is set to a number, in full screen mode, Acrobat Reader will advance to the next page after this many seconds. The duration of the transition itself (fade/flicker etc.) is controlled by the ‘duration’ argument to setPageTransition; this controls the time spent looking at the page. This is effective for all subsequent pages.


Instruct display device that this page is to be rotated


accepts a 2-tuple in points for paper size for this and subsequent pages

setPageTransition(effectname=None, duration=1, direction=0, dimension='H', motion='I')

PDF allows page transition effects for use when giving presentations. There are six possible effects. You can just guive the effect name, or supply more advanced options to refine the way it works. There are three types of extra argument permitted, and here are the allowed values:

direction_arg = [0,90,180,270]
dimension_arg = ['H', 'V']
motion_arg = ['I','O'] (start at inside or outside)

This table says which ones take which arguments:

PageTransitionEffects = {
    'Split': [direction_arg, motion_arg],
    'Blinds': [dimension_arg],
    'Box': [motion_arg],
    'Wipe' : [direction_arg],
    'Dissolve' : [],

Have fun!


change the default producer value

setStrokeColor(aColor, alpha=None)

Takes a color object, allowing colors to be referred to by name

setStrokeColorCMYK(c, m, y, k, alpha=None)

set the stroke color useing negative color values (cyan, magenta, yellow and darkness value). Takes 4 arguments between 0.0 and 1.0

setStrokeColorRGB(r, g, b, alpha=None)

Set the stroke color using positive color description (Red,Green,Blue). Takes 3 arguments between 0.0 and 1.0

setStrokeGray(gray, alpha=None)

Sets the gray level; 0.0=black, 1.0=white


write a subject into the PDF file that won’t automatically display in the document itself.


write a title into the PDF file that won’t automatically display in the document itself.

setViewerPreference(pref, value)

set one of the allowed enbtries in the documents viewer preferences


Specify that Acrobat Reader should start in full screen mode. showFullScreen() and showOutline() conflict; the one called last wins.


Specify that Acrobat Reader should start with the outline tree visible. showFullScreen() and showOutline() conflict; the one called last wins.

skew(alpha, beta)
stringWidth(text, fontName=None, fontSize=None)

gets width of a string in the given font and size

textAnnotation(contents, Rect=None, addtopage=1, name=None, relative=0, **kw)

Experimental, but works.

textAnnotation0(contents, Rect=None, addtopage=1, name=None, relative=0, **kw)

Experimental, but works.

transform(a, b, c, d, e, f)

adjoin a mathematical transform to the current graphics state matrix. Not recommended for beginners.

translate(dx, dy)

move the origin from the current (0,0) point to the (dx,dy) point (with respect to the current graphics state).

wedge(x1, y1, x2, y2, startAng, extent, stroke=1, fill=0)

Like arc, but connects to the centre of the ellipse. Most useful for pie charts and PacMan!